The core piece of the experimental plant is the axial turbomachine with attached asynchronous motor. It can be operated either as a pump or turbine. To this end, different rotors, impellers and stators, guide vane systems are used. Included in the scope of delivery are four rotors, impellers and four stators, guide vane systems supplied with different blade, vane angles. The experimental plant contains a closed water circuit with expansion tank and centrifugal pump. The compressed-air powered expansion tank allows the turbomachine to be converted without loss of water.
The asynchronous motor functions during turbine operation as a generator, and during pump operation as a drive. A powerful pump generates flow and pressure during turbine operation. The power that is generated by the turbine is fed into this pump.
The transparent housing allows a full view of the rotor, impeller and stator, guide vane system and flow processes. The 3-hole probe can be used to measure the direction and velocity in the flow field directly upstream of, between, and downstream of rotor, impeller and stator, guide vane system. These values are used to record the velocity triangles for the blade, vane shapes.
Operation under different pressure levels is possible in order to study cavitation.
The speed is detected contact-free by means of an inductive displacement sensor on the motor shaft. To determine the drive power, the asynchronous motor is mounted on swivel bearings and equipped with a force sensor to measure the drive torque. Manometers measure the pressures at inlet and outlet. Pressure sensors measure the differential pressures at rotor, impeller and stator, guide vane system. The flow rate is measured by an electromagnetic flow meter. The measured values are read from digital displays.